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Poverty Estimates

Estimations of Poverty in North Eastern Region

 

A. Proverty Estimates for NER for 2004-05 & 2009-10 (on Tendulkar Methodology) -Based on the Press note of Planning Commission on Proverty Estimates, 2009-10 (Dated 19th March,2012)

 

The Expert Group on Methodology for Estimation of Poverty chaired by Prof. Suresh D. Tendulkar set up by the Planning Commission (Tendulkar Committee) for the first time recommended use of implicit prices derived from quantity and value data collected in household consumer expenditure surveys for computing and updating the poverty lines.

 

Accordingly, the Tendulkar Committee computed implicit price indices from the 66th Round, NSS (2009-10) data on Household Consumer Expenditure Survey for estimating state wise poverty lines for the year 2004-05. Using these poverty lines and distribution of monthly per capita consumption expenditure based on mixed reference period (MRP), the Tendulkar Committee estimated poverty ratios for the year 2004-05.

 

In its Report, Tendulkar Committee recommended a methodology for updating 2004-05 poverty lines derived by it. Accordingly, the state wise urban poverty lines of 2004-05 are updated for 2009-10 based on price rise during this period.

 

Tables below in B & C sections provide poverty ratios of North East States and All India of 2004-05 & 2009-10 on the Tendulkar Methodology.

 

B.Proverty Ratios of North East States & all india - number and Percentage of Population below Proverty line by States - 2004-05 (Tendulkar Methodology)

 

Proverty Ratios of North East States & all india - number and Percentage of Population below Proverty line by States - 2004-05 (Tendulkar Methodology)
Sl No. States/U.Ts Rural Urban Combined
%age of persons No. of Persons
(Lakhs)
%age of persons No. of Persons
(Lakhs)
%age of persons No. of Persons
(Lakhs)
1. Arunachal Pradesh 33.6 3.2 23.5 0.6 31.4 3.8
2. Assam 36.4 89.4 21.8 8.3 34.4 97.7
3. Manipur 39.3 6.7 34.5 2.3 37.9 9
4. Meghalaya 14 2.9 24.7 1.2 16.1 4.1
5. Mizoram 23 1.1 7.9 0.4 15.4 1.5
6. Nagaland 10 1.5 4.3 0.2 8.8 1.7
7. Sikkim 31.8 1.5 25.9 0.2 30.9 1.7
8. Tripura 44.5 11.9 22.5 1.5 40 13.4
  All India 42 3258.1 25.5 814.1 37.2 4072.2

 

Note: Population as on 1st March 2005 has been used for estimating number of persons below poverty line. (Revised on the basis of 2011 population census)

 

C.  Poverty ratios of North East States & All India – Number  and Percentage of Population below poverty line by states - 2009-10 (Tendulkar Methodology)

 

Proverty Ratios of North East States & all india - number and Percentage of Population below Proverty line by States - 2004-05 (Tendulkar Methodology)
Sl No. States/U.Ts Rural Urban Combined / Total
%age of persons No. of Persons
(Lakhs)
%age of persons No. of Persons
(Lakhs)
%age of persons No. of Persons
(Lakhs)
1. Arunachal Pradesh 26.2 2.7 24.9 0.8 25.9 3.5
2. Assam 39.9 105.3 26.1 11.2 37.9 116.4
3. Manipur 47.4 8.8 46.4 3.7 47.1 12.5
4. Meghalaya 15.3 3.5 24.1 1.4 17.1 4.9
5. Mizoram 31.1 1.6 11.5 0.6 21.1 2.3
6. Nagaland 19.3 2.8 25.0 1.4 20.9 4.1
7. Sikkim 15.5 0.7 5.0 0.1 13.1 0.8
8. Tripura 19.8 5.4 10.0 0.9 17.4 6.3
  All India 33.8 2782.1 20.9 764.7 29.8 3546.8

 

Note:

  • Population as on 1st March, 2010 has been used for estimating no. of persons below poverty line (interpolated between 2001 and 2011 population Census)
  • Figures in bold are those which have shown an increase from the estimation done for 2004-05.

Findings

  • At the all India level rural poverty has declined from 8.0 percentage points from 41.8% (42%) in 2004-05 to 33.8% in 2009-10. The urban poverty declined by 4.8 percentage points from 25.7 % to 20.9%.
  • Poverty has increased in  Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland  in 2009-10.
  • In case of Meghalaya while combined poverty ratio has increased from 16.1% in 2004-05 to 17.1% in 2009-10, there is a slight reduction in urban poverty from 24.7% to 24.1% in the same period.

 

D.  State Specific Poverty Lines for 2009-10

 

State Specific Poverty Lines for 2009-10
Sl. No. State Monthly per capita (Rs.)
Rural Urban
1. Arunachal Pradesh 773.7 925.2
2. Assam 691.7 871
3. Manipur 871 955
4. Meghalaya 686.9 989.8
5. Mizoram 850 939.3
6. Nagaland 1016.8 1147.6
7. Sikkim 728.9 1035.2
8. Tripura 663.4 782.7
9. All India 972.8 859.6

 

Page Maintained By: 
Smt. Kirti Saxena, Economic Adviser